The 12-month prevalence of PTSD in the United States is 6.8%, while the lifetime prevalence is 3.6% for men and 9.7% for women (1, 2, 3). Intimate partner violence contributes to the trauma population, as one study found that domestic violence fueled 22% of violent crimes committed against women and 3% of violent crimes committed against men (4). Another study found that 94% of rape survivors met the symptomatic critieria for PTSD shortly after the assault, while 47% met the criteria three months later (5). Whether it is sexual violence, physical violence, or emotional violence, many people are affected by trauma.
The estimated lifetime prevalence of PTSD among American Vietnam Veterans was found to be 15.2% for men and 18.1% for women (6). The estimated prevalence of PTSD among Gulf War Veterans was found to be 10.1% (7). The prevalence of those deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan for service were found to be 13.8% (8).
Research also shows that complex trauma follows chronic trauma from childhood, which can manifest as issues with attachment security, affect-regulation, biological regulation, dissociation, cognition, and self-concept (9). Not only does trauma cause biopsychosocial problems over the course of a person's life, but data shows that adverse childhood experiences (ACES) can lead to negative health outcomes like chemical dependency, heart and liver disease, intimate partner violence, obesity, and suicidality (10).
If you have been exposed to trauma, this Trauma Wheel is intended to bring understanding to things you may have exprienced or are currently experiencing since the traumatic event happened. Sometimes, the symptoms of trauma can be perceived as normal struggles in life, when in fact they can be traced back to the trauma.
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